Jamaica is a proud nation characterised by a strong sense of cultural identity. Well-known figures such as Bob Marley, Marcus Garvey or sportsman Usain Bolt have made this laid-back Caribbean island popular all across the globe. However, the image that is often portrayed in the international media contrasts with widespread poverty, unemployment and high crime rates. SOS Children's Villages has been supporting the country's young people and children since the 1970s.
Tourist are shielded from the reality Jamaicans live day to day
SOS Children's Villages gives children the chance to enjoy their childhood alongside their brother and sisters (photo: SOS archives).
Located on the south-eastern coast, Kingston is Jamaica’s capital and has a population of approximately 970,000. Though the population here is largely of African descent, there are also significant East Indian and Chinese minority groups.
Tourism is the most important pillar of the economy in the country, with around one quarter of the population employed in this industry and over 1.2 million tourists visiting Jamaica each year. The tourist money continues to attract rural people to come to the capital city. However, large areas of Kingston are shanty towns. Trench Town, for example, began as a 1940s housing project for low-income families, but its inhabitants are as impoverished as ever today, living in overcrowded conditions, and Trench Town’s infrastructure is in disrepair. These precarious conditions lead to a number of problems, violent crime being one of the most serious.
Children need protection
Tourism brings other problems, too: the Caribbean is increasingly a destination for female sex tourism, with comparatively wealthy North American or European women offering money, meals or gifts in exchange for sexual favours.
Child prostitution also exists in Jamaica. Young girls sometimes offer sexual favours to older men in exchange for free transportation or a little money. In recent years, the so-called “schoolgirl/taxi-man” phenomenon has become common. In some cases, parents may be aware that this is going on but turn a blind eye because they rely on the extra money their children bring home. Often, these young girls have little sexual education and do not use contraception. Half a million people have HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean, where the rates of infection are second-only to sub-Saharan Africa.
Another factor that perpetuates the cycle of poverty is the high occurrence of teenage pregnancies in Jamaica, with around 18 per cent of babies born to mothers between the ages of 15 and 19. Teenage mothers often end up as single parents. When they haven’t completed their education yet, their chances of finding employment are slim.
What we do in Kingston
Children grow up in a stable and secure environment (photo: SOS archives).
Care for children who cannot live with their families: SOS families provide a loving home for children from the region who have lost parental care. In each family, they live with their brothers and sisters and are affectionately cared for by their SOS parent.
Support for young people: When young people feel ready to move out of the SOS home in order to pursue further education or vocational training, the SOS Youth Programme makes shared accommodation available to them. The boys stay in an adapted house in Kingston, while the girls are accommodated in one of the family houses at the SOS Children's Village. In a safe environment and with the support of qualified counsellors, the young people can plan their future here, increasingly take on responsibility and prepare for independent adult life.