SOS Children’s Villages has been present in Azerbaijan since 2000, when the first programme started in the capital city of Baku. At present the organisation supports children, young people and families in two locations in Azerbaijan; in 2006, SOS Children’s Villages started working in Ganja about 400 kilometres west of Baku and in 2010 in Sumgait to the north of Baku. In October 2020, all children and caregivers from the SOS Children's Village in Ganja were evacuated due to destabilization of the security situation in the area. They found safety in SOS Children`s Village Baku.
Around half of the population lives in poverty
On the swings (photo: K. Ilievska)
The high unemployment and inflation rates in Azerbaijan have affected the lives of children; it is estimated that about one third of children live in poverty. Most of the children who lose parental care are placed in state-run institutions.
Ganja is Azerbaijan's second largest city with approximately 300,000 inhabitants. It is located about 340 kilometres west of Baku, right in the heart of the country.
The city of Ganja, and its surroundings are amongst the poorest regions of the country - around half of the population lives below the nationally-established poverty line. The unemployment rate is also high. There are a large number of internally displaced persons and refugees, whose economic and social integration remains a challenge.
Attempts are being made to improve the economy of Ganja, especially the agricultural and industrial sectors. The area is also trying to attract more tourists. The region's infrastructure requires improvement - the quality of the water and its distribution network and housing blocks need to be modernised.
Providing support to families and loving homes to children
The harsh social and economic conditions in the area make the work of our organisation particularly important. The Municipality of Ganja has been very supportive of the work that SOS Children's Villages does in the area and donated the plot of land where our organisation is based. The basic infrastructure that families need is available in the area: kindergartens and schools are within walking distance. Hospitals and shops are also nearby.
What we do in Ganja
A local mother and daughter from the family strengthening programme (photo: K. Ilievska)
SOS Children's Villages works closely with local families to strengthen existing ties and prevent children from losing the loving care of their parents.
Care for children who have lost parental care: When children can no longer be cared for by their parents, short term care is provided or children can find a loving home with one of the SOS mothers.
The children grow up with their sisters and brothers and attend the local schools and kindergarten; support is provided to the kindergarten to ensure that the children are receiving the best possible care. We work closely with the local schools to enhance the skills of teachers and we support individual children by offering tuition in areas where they are struggling at school.
Since January 2011, we also provide short-term care for children in crisis. They are taken into a loving family home until the authorities make a decision on their long-term care.
Support for young people: Qualified SOS co-workers accompany and support the young people on their journey to becoming independent adults, for example by providing guidance and support in finding employment or training opportunities..