Economic problems mark the lives of the population
Jamaica is an island nation that forms part of the Greater Antilles. It is located in the Caribbean Sea, where it represents the third largest island after Cuba and Hispaniola. It was discovered by Columbus in 1494 and initially settled by the Spanish. The native Indians who once inhabited present-day Jamaica were gradually extinguished and replaced by African slaves.
Murder rate remains high as a result of gang violence
Childhoods marked by violence
Thanks to substantial improvements in the field of child healthcare, Jamaica's under-five-mortality rate has dropped slightly since the 1990s. However, around 15 per cent of Jamaican children live in crippling poverty. Many of these children head households at an early age and grow up without parental support. Roughly 73,000 children on the island are orphans who have either lost one or both their parents.