Hopes for a better economic future due to the discovery of oilThe Republic of Ghana has a total population of around 25 million and its capital and urban centre is Accra. English is Ghana's official language, although many other local languages are widely spoken.
Ghana was the first nation in Sub-Saharan Africa to achieve independence from its colonial power. When Ghanaian leader and Pan-African hero Kwame Nkrumah was ousted in a coup in 1966, a long period of military rule began. A new constitution was approved and multiparty politics were restored in 1992, ushering in a period of democracy.
When compared to many other countries in the region, Ghana has managed to largely escape the ethnic and civil wars that have plagued Western African nations.
Although many challenges remain, Ghana is close to reaching UN Millennium Development Goals
Children's lives are affected by HIV, poverty and lack in schooling